Fraunhofer IWM participations:
Fraunhofer IWM participations:
For 20 years now the Fraunhofer Materials and Components Group – MATERIALS - has been integrating the expertise of the Fraunhofer Institutes working in the field of materials science. With more than 2,500 scientists, working in 15 Institutes, and a total annual budget of around € 500 million in the area of contract research, it constitutes the largest group within the Fraunhofer Gesellschaft.
Materials research and materials technology at Fraunhofer cover the entire value chain, from the development of new and the improvement of existing materials, through manufacturing technology on a quasi-industrial scale, up to the characterization of properties and assessment of service behavior. The same research scope applies to the components made from these materials and the way they function in systems.
The scientists working in the Group's institutes deploy their knowhow and expertise on behalf of their customers specifically in the fields of energy and environment, mobility, healthcare, machine and plant construction, building construction & living, microsystems technology and safety. They are part of strong national and international networks and contribute towards material-related innovations and innovative processes in a wide range of working fields.
With the initiative Materials Data Space© (MDS) founded in 2015, the Group is presenting a roadmap towards Industry 4.0 enabled materials. Digitalization of materials along their entire value creation chain is viewed by the Group as a key requirement for the lasting success of Industry 4.0. The rationale behind the Materials Data Space© concept is to provide a new platform offering digital information about materials and material properties across multiple corporations along the entire value creation chain.
The spectrum ranges from modeling and simulations through the application-oriented development of ceramic materials, manufacturing processes and processing technologies to component characterization, assessment and non-destructive testing under operational conditions.
Dr. Andreas Kailer
Phone +49 761 5142-247
The Fraunhofer Battery Alliance develops technical solutions and concepts related to the topic of electrochemical energy storage (batteries, supercapacitors). The competencies of this alliance cover the fields of materials, systems, simulations and testing.
Dr. Leonhard Mayrhofer
Phone +49 761 5142-388
Generative manufacturing techniques are far better than conventional techniques for producing small series of customized, complex components in terms of flexibility, labor intensity and material input. The alliance is dedicated to the development, application and implementation of generative manufacturing techniques and processes.
Dr. Raimund Jaeger
Phone +49 761 5142-284
The quality of a lightweight structure is determined to a significant extent by its material properties, the shape given to it by its designer, its construction and the manufacturing process. Within the Alliance, the entire development chain is taken into consideration, from the material and product development stage through series production and approval to the practical use of the product.
Dr. Michael Luke
Phone +49 761 5142-338
From application-oriented research to industrial implementation – this alliance develops, among other things, multifunctional layers for optical applications and the automotive and electrical industries. Metal and oxide nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes and nano-composites are used in actuators, structural materials and biomedical applications. The alliance also deals with issues of toxicity and how to handle nanoparticles safely.
Prof. Dr. Michael Moseler
Phone +49 761 5142-332
This alliance pools the competencies of various institutes from the information and communication sector, the field of materials and components and the surfaces and production technology sector to develop and improve simulation processes.
Four Fraunhofer institutes are working out and evaluating concepts for individual mobility together with the Karlsruhe Institute for Technology (KIT) and numerous partners from the industrial world. Focal points include emission-free use of passenger cars at the point of use, efficient drive systems, lightweight construction, energy-efficient use and the economically viable addition of electromobility. Apart from the technological topics, new mobility concepts and business models are being developed, taking into consideration demographic and sociological aspects.
Working together with industry partners, the five Freiburg-based Fraunhofer institutes are addressing the interdisciplinary research topics concerned with sustainable social and economic development and putting them into practice in concrete innovations. Through projects, publications and patents, business start-ups with industry partners and extensive teaching and training at the Institute for Sustainable Technical Systems (INATECH), the Sustainability Center is developing joint potentials regarding sustainability issues.
In collaboration with the Institute for Technology of Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences and the FZI Research Center for Information Technology, four Fraunhofer institutes plus the "New Drive Systems" project group (Projektgruppe Neue Antriebssysteme, NAS) are researching topics on efficient, intelligent and integrated mobility. This center links important actors from science, applied research and industry. The forward-looking themes here range from the mobility demands of an aging population, urbanization through changed city infrastructure, automated and autonomous mobility to lightweight and (hybrid) electric and internal combustion drive systems for increased efficiency and the minimization of CO2 emissions.
The Fraunhofer Institute for Chemical Technology ICT and the Institute for Reciprocating Engines IFKM at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT work together with the Fraunhofer IWM on new engine concepts. The new drive concepts are intended for use in decentralized stationary energy supply units such as mini combined heat and power plants. They can also be used in combustion engines for sustainable mobility, either in combination with an electric motor or as the sole power supply. Alternative fuels and energy sources are included in the concepts. The new Fraunhofer project group is unique in Germany in its combination of competencies in the fields of combustion engines, chemical energy storage, lightweight construction and tribology.
Prof. Dr. Matthias Scherge
Phone +49 721 4640-750
The Fraunhofer IWM has, together with two Max-Planck Institutes in Dresden and Halle, investigated the structural and chemical possibilities to produce novel materials based on intermetallic Heusler Phases, which possess significant hard magnetic properties yet do not contain rare earth elements.
Interactive surfaces on mobile end devices and control elements featuring the common smooth glass surface are reaching limits in which switching and control operations must be captured solely by eye. Scientists at the Fraunhofer IWM are developing the scientific and technical process basis for the manufacture of glass surfaces with haptic structures for innovative touchscreens as well as producing molded prototypes.
Five Fraunhofer institutes are improving synthetic rubber to make its performance as high as that of natural rubber. Research areas include how natural proteins and lipids provide specific properties and analyzing the uses for these in synthetic rubber. Experts at the Fraunhofer IWM are working on experimental methods of investigating the friction resistance of the elastomer composite.
In the CS³ project four Fraunhofer institutes are developing system solutions and test methods for low-maintenance, durable components for subsea applications. It is intended that new diamond ceramic and carbide materials will enable component properties to be realized that allow dependable operation at depths of up to 6000 m. Scientists at the Fraunhofer IWM are developing joining techniques along with manufacturing and simulation methods for extremely corrosion-resistant diamond ceramics that can withstand high temperatures and pressures.
Three Fraunhofer institutes are working to create the technological basis for new types of photovoltaically active perovskite materials for applications on a scale of square meters. To enable this, the perovskite materials must be integrated on a large scale into the component to protect them from water, oxygen and ion drift, and must be electrically contacted in order to demonstrate a new, locally manufacturable solar cell.
Three Fraunhofer institutes are developing and qualifying laser multilayer minimum-gap welding processes for thick-walled, high-temperature components in nickel-based materials. Scientists at the Fraunhofer IWM are characterizing the mechanical properties of welded joints under practically relevant loads and are developing a lifetime prediction tool with which the time at which cracking is initiated and the rate of crack growth in welded components can be predicted under a flexible mode of operation.
Seven Fraunhofer Institutes are developing more efficient production processes for high performance magnets, including optimizing the component design and exploring possibilities for recycling. The goal is to reduce the primary need for rare earth elements for two demonstrators – permanent magnets by half. Experts at the Fraunhofer IWM are exploring possibilities for substitute magnet materials without using rare earth with physical material modelling and electron microscopic material characterization.
Prof. Dr. Christian Elsässer
Phone +49 761 5142-286
The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft’s expertise in artificial diamonds is applied and developed here in the field of power electronics. Materials scientists at the Fraunhofer IWM are developing the technology for separating precisely oriented crystalline metal layers on substrate surfaces, on which project partners can then isolate single-crystal diamond layers.
The objective of HYPOS is to achieve a partial baseload capability for wind and photovoltaic electricity through the storage and distribution of electrochemically-produced hydrogen. Focusing on the ‘transport and storage’ aspect, materials science experts at the Fraunhofer IWM are determining a strategy for the re-utilization of trunk gas pipeline systems and salt caverns for use with gases containing hydrogen and are evaluating and coordinating the research proposals associated with this approach.